New Analysis Techniques for Estimating Impacts of Federal Appliance Efficiency Standards

TitleNew Analysis Techniques for Estimating Impacts of Federal Appliance Efficiency Standards
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsJames E McMahon
Date Published06/2003
InstitutionLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Keywordsappliance, benefit cost analysis, conservation, energy efficiency, policy analysis, standards

Impacts of U.S. appliance and equipment standards have been described previously. Since 2000, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has updated standards for clothes washers, water heaters, and residential central air conditioners and heat pumps. A revised estimate of the aggregate impacts of all the residential appliance standards in the United States shows that existing standards will reduce residential primary energy consumption and associated carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 89% in 2020 compared to the levels expected without any standards. Studies of possible new standards are underway for residential furnaces and boilers, as well as a number of products in the commercial (tertiary) sector, such as distribution transformers and unitary air conditioners. The analysis of standards has evolved in response to critiques and in an attempt to develop more precise estimates of costs and benefits of these regulations. The newer analysis elements include: (1) valuing energy savings by using marginal (rather than average) energy prices specific to an end-use; (2) simulating the impacts of energy efficiency increases over a sample population of consumers to quantify the proportion of households having net benefits or net costs over the life of the appliance; and (3) calculating marginal markups in distribution channels to derive the incremental change in retail prices associated with increased manufacturing costs for improving energy efficiency.


Conference Paper, Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Domestic Appliances and Lighting, v: 31, issue: 2-3, 2004

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