Energy Efficiency Standards
To support the development of new or amended energy conservation standards for appliances, lighting, and equipment, EES conducts a series of engineering and economic analyses. The analyses are germane to creating standards that achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency that is technologically feasible and economically justified and will result in significant energy savings. Economic justification includes the consideration of economic impacts on domestic manufacturers and consumers, national benefits including environmental impacts, issues of purchaser utility, and impacts from any lessening of competition.
At a national level, the efficiency standards rulemaking process, led by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), typically involves four steps for a given consumer product or commercial or industrial equipment type: (1) the publication of a framework document in which DOE describes the overall approach it is considering in developing potential energy conservation standards for a particular product or equipment; (2) the publication of a preliminary analysis that focuses on the analytical methodology DOE is considering in setting potential standards; (3) the issuance of a notice of proposed rulemaking (NOPR); and (4) the issuance of a final rule. At each of these steps, DOE also holds a public meeting and solicits comments from the public on a variety of relevant issues under consideration in developing potential standards.
The EES group conducts a series of analyses to assist DOE in evaluating and setting potential standards, including:
- equipment price and markups analysis;
- energy use analysis;
- consumer life-cycle cost (LCC) and payback period (PBP) analyses;
- shipments analysis;
- national impact analysis (NIA), which considers national energy savings (NES) and consumer net present value (NPV);
- emissions impact analysis;
- employment impact analysis; and
- regulatory impact analysis.