Employment Impacts Analysis

The employment impact analysis examines indirect employment impacts from standards, which consist of the net jobs created or eliminated in the national economy, other than in the manufacturing sector being regulated, caused by: (1) reduced spending by end-users on energy; (2) reduced spending on new energy supply by the utility industry; (3) increased spending on new equipment to which the new standards apply; and (4) the effects of those three factors throughout the economy. (Direct employment impacts are any changes in the number of employees of manufacturers of the equipment subject to standards, their suppliers, and related service firms.)